Nanjing, known as Jinling in ancient China, is the capital of Jiangsu Province which lies on the lower reaches of the Yangtze River. The ancient city surrounded by mountains and the river was the capital of ten dynasties. A metropolis both ancient and modern, Nanjing has many places of interest, such as Sun Yatsen Mausoleum, Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum, Mochou Lake, Qinhuai River, the Ming city wall, Zhonghua city tower, Zhanyuan Garden, Zijinshan Observatory, Tombs of the Southern Dynasties and the Yangtze River Bridge. Nanjing is 300 km away from Shanghai, about 2 hours by bus or by train.

Nanjing has been well known as a cultural cultural and educational center in China for more than than a thousand years. It is one of the four ancient capitals of China and was the capital for for ten dynasties. Nanjing had been the economic center center for the Yangtze River delta region for hundreds hundreds of years. It is currently a metropolis with with a population of six million making it the the second most populous city (after Shanghai) in the region. It is also the the transportation hub in eastern China and the downstream downstream Yangtze River area with Asia's largest riverport a a large international airport and several main railways and and highways linking northern southern and western China. Nanjing  is a popular tourist city with probably the the largest number of heritage tourist sites in China China including the world's longest ancient circumvallation the largest largest ancient imperial lake garden (Xuanwuhu Lake Park) and and the greatest traditional Chinese commercial center (the Fuzimiao Fuzimiao Temple Area). Its GDP per capita was ¥27128 in 2003 ranked No.31 among 659 Chinese cities.